List of Physical Visualizations
and Related Artifacts

2008 – 100% City


Since 2008, the German theater group Rimini Protokoll organizes performances where they select 100 people in such a way that they form a representative sample of a given city, and then invites them on the stage. Each person briefly introduces themselves, after which everyone participates in a series of physical visualizations where each person takes the role of a data point. The first performance was titled 100% Berlin. Similar performances were then organized in 18 other cities between 2010 and 2019.

Left image: response to the question: "who was born in Berlin?" (show 100% Berlin). Right image: response to the question: "how much did you spend yesterday?" (show 100% Paris).

Also see our other entries on participatory physical visualizations.


  1. Jörn Hurtienne (2018) Possibilities of Human Data Embodiment: 100% City.
  2. Rimini Protokoll 100% City.
  3. Wikipedia (2020) Rimini Protokoll.
  4. Left photo by Rimini Protokoll (source). Right photo also by Rimini Protokoll (1:03:18 in this video).

Added by: Pierre Dragicevic. Category: Active physical visualization  Tags: city, participatory, people