List of Physical Visualizations
and Related Artifacts

2016 – Thoughtforms: 3D-Printed Thoughts


Kellyann Geurts, a PhD student at Monash University, gives physical shape to thoughts by turning EEG data into solid objects. During three public events at Melbourne in 2016, she placed a mobile EEG device on volunteers and asked them to think of a memory or emotion of their choice. Their EEG output was translated in real time into a 3D shape they could see on a computer screen. Participants could then press a button to pause the shape and send it to a 3D printer. They were then invited to write a description of their thought, which was used to tag the 3D object.


  1. Kellyann Geurts (2016) ThoughtForms | Visualize and 3D Print Your Thoughts. (with video)
  2. Kellyann Geurts (2018) Imagining Thought in Digital Space: 3D Printed Thoughts.
  3. Images by Kellyann Geurts.

Added by Pierre Dragicevic on April 20, 2018, sent by Benjamin Bach. Category: Passive physical visualization Tags: , , ,